Ignaz Semmelweis - 1393/04/07
تصویر علمی هفته
Hungarian physician and Pioneer of antiseptics procedures
The "savior of mothers", Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of puerperal fever could be drastically cut by the use of hand disinfection in obstetrical clinics.
Puerperal fever was common in mid-19th-century hospitals and often fatal, with mortality at 10%–35%.
Semmelweis proposed the practice of washing with chlorinated lime solutions in 1847. Hand-washing reduced mortality to below 1%.
He published a book of his findings in Etiology, Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever.
He died of septicaemia. Semmelweis's practice earned widespread acceptance only years after his death, when Louis Pasteur developed the germ theory of disease, offering a theoretical explanation for Semmelweis's findings.
Ignaz Semmelweis born July 1 1818, Budapest, Hungary—died August 13, 1865 (aged 47) , Vienna, Austria