Joseph Lister - 1393/07/12
تصویر علمی هفته
Sir Joseph Lister was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery.
His father, Joseph Jackson Lister, F.R.S., was eminent in science, especially in optical science.
In 1844 Joseph Lister entered University College, London, as a student in arts, and took his B.A. degree at the University of London in 1847.
He continued at University College London- Medical School as a medical student, and became M.B. and F.R.C.S. in 1852.
By applying Louis Pasteur's advances in microbiology, he promoted the idea of sterile surgery while working at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary.
Lister confirmed Pasteur's conclusions with his own experiments and decided to use his findings to develop "antiseptic" techniques for wounds.
Until Lister's studies of surgery, most people believed that chemical damage from exposures to bad air was responsible for infections in wounds.
In 1865 , Lister successfully introduced carbolic acid (now known as phenol) to sterilise surgical instruments and to clean wounds, which led to a reduction in post-operative infections and made surgery safer for patients.
He instructed surgeons under his responsibility to wear clean gloves and wash their hands before and after operations with 5% carbolic acid solutions.
On the centenary of his death, in 2012, Lister was considered by most in the medical field as "the father of modern surgery".
Listeria , a genus of Gram-positive bacilli is named in honor of Joseph Lister in 1940.
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister , born 5 April 1827 , Upton, Essex, England -
died 10 February 1912 (aged 84) , Walmer, Kent, England.
Buried, Hampstead Cemetery, London, England.